Nanotechnology and micro machines
The shrinking image sensors have allowed us to ship 1 billion camera phones in 2007. Now the same is happening with all sorts of other sensors. The key is MEMS technology, our ability to make mechanical and electromagnetic devices ever smaller. A digital compass the size of a needle-pin. Five gyroscopes that can be fitted in the form-factor of a dime. All this represents major technology breakthroughs. There is major innovation in building the hardware and now the software that makes it all work.
We are less than a decade away from the medical lab the size of a sugar cube.
We are less than a decade away from a truly non-invasive blood glucose and heart monitor.
We are close to the the next revolution in managing our world.